Winter tyres have a dedicated tread pattern, tyre compound and tyre structure, which are primarily designed to perform better than on snowy roads. The winter tyres’ compound has a higher proportion of natural rubber, which provides better road stability and grip at low temperatures. This compound makes the tyre more adaptable and softer on winter roads than summer tyres.
In addition, the tread pattern also plays a significant role on the performance of a tyre on snow-covered and slushy roads:
These are the M+S symbol and the three-peak mountain snowflake (3PMSF) or Alpine symbol, and both are industry standards. The 3PMSF (Alpine) symbol is mandatory for winter or all-weather tyres produced since 1st January 2018.
Especially on wet or slippery roads, cars with worn treads quickly lose grip. Legally the minimum tread depth is 1.6 millimetres. These tyres are then no longer considered roadworthy and must be disposed of at a specialist facility. In some European countries, such as Austria, winter tyres with a tread depth of less than 4 mm are even considered summer tyres and may not be driven in winter road conditions. Please note that safe driving in wet and snow conditions is influenced not only by the tread depth but also by the tread design and rubber compound. On rain-slick or snow-covered roads, braking performance of your vehicle is reduced as tread depth of your tyres decreases. On wet roads, there is also an increased risk of aquaplaning as tread depth decreases.
It is also very easy to measure the tread depth by placing a 1 euro coin into the groove of the tyre. If the golden rim appears above the tread, it is time to replace the tyre. Test both in the centre of the tyre and at the edge of the tyre. Please take this measurement on each of the four tyres. It is possible that the tyres wear differently due to effects of driven and non-driven axle, but also by incorrect tyre pressure or loading. We recommend that you always change all four tyres at the same time so as not to endanger driving safety and to minimise the risk of skidding. For your safety, Semperit winter tyres also have 4 mm winter indicators.
Maintaining the correct tyre pressure is crucial as it can affect tyre performance in many ways, considering safety and environmental aspects. If the tyres of your car are only 0.5 bar underinflated, the braking distance is already extended. At high speed and temperature, the tyre may even burst. Fuel consumption also rises with low air pressure, as the rolling resistance increases. In wintertime at low temperature the question of tyre pressure plays an important role, because cold air is denser than warm air and leads to a smaller volume in the tyre. This means that the colder it gets, the lower the air pressure in the tyre. Therefore, we recommend that you check the tyre pressure every fortnight at the filling station. You can find out which tyre pressure is optimal for your winter tyres here:
Tip from Semperit: Increase the specified tyre pressure by a small 0.2 bar. This way you can save fuel without losing driving comfort.
Reasons why manufacturers are switching to wider tyres can range from performance enhancements to aesthetic appearance. Those tyres:
Again, you can find out which tyre dimension is the right one for your winter tyre on the tyre sidewall, the driver's side door frame, the owner’s handbook or under the fuel cap.
There are no legal regulations regarding the age of a car tyre, but the age of the tyres is a decisive safety factor. This is why tyres should be replaced after ten years at the latest – regardless of whether they are summer or winter tyres. The production date (normally linked to the DOT marking) on the sidewall provides information about the tyre age. Much more important than the age of the tyre is the wear. Pay attention to the minimum tread depth and signs of wear such as cracks or damage.
If you observe these parameters of a good winter tyre, nothing stands in your way of safe alpine driving performance during the winter months. Semperit recommends the winter tyres Speed-Grip 5 for solid driving stability on snow and ice or Van-Grip 3 for vans and transporters in winter use. Feel free to contact a Semperit tyre specialist for advice on buying winter tyres.